This chapter 3 comprises of different topics. Like –


2.Types of fibres



5. Sources of wool

How to process wool fibre?

1. Fibres – Fine, long, filaments or continuous threads are acquired for the animals and plants. There are 2 types of fibre. They are – Plant fibre and Animal fibre.

2. Silk – Silk and woollen are the usual fibres obtained from animals. Silk is obtained from the silkworms whilst, wool is obtained from the goat, sheep and yak. Therefore, wool and silk are animal fibres.

3. Animal fibre – Hair of alpaca, llama and camel are handled and processed to produce the wool. Generally, in India, sheep are nurtured and reared for getting the wool. The hair of the sheep is shaved off from the body, cleansed, dried, sorted, colored, gyrated and woven to get the wool.

4.Sources of wool – Wool is acquired from yak (Ladakh and Tibet), Angora goat, sheep, goat, camel, Alpaca etc.,

Question 1: You must be familiar with the following nursery rhymes:
(i) ‘Baa baa black sheep, have you any wool.’
(ii) ‘Mary had a little lamb, whose fleece was white as snow.’
Answer the following:
(a) Which parts of the black sheep have wool?
(b) What is meant by the white fleece of the lamb?
Answer: (a) Wool is obtained from the hairy fibres (hair) of the sheep.
(b) White fleece of the lamb refers to the white coloured hair of the lamb.

Question 2: The silkworm is (a) a caterpillar, (b) a larva. Choose the correct option.
(i) a (ii) b (iii) both a and b (iv) neither a nor b
Answer: (iii) both a and b

Question 3: Which of the following does not yield wool?
(i) Yak (ii) Camel (iii) Goat (iv) Woolly dog
Answer: (iv)Woolly dog

Question 4: What is meant by the following terms?
(i) Rearing (ii) Shearing (iii) Sericulture
Answer: (i) Rearing: It is a process of breeding, feeding and providing medical care to useful animals. These animals are kept since they produce one or more useful products for the human beings.
(ii) Shearing: It is the process of removing fleece from the sheep along with a thin layer of skin.
(ii) Sericulture: It is the rearing of silkworms to obtain silk is known as sericulture.

Question 5: Given below is a sequence of steps in the processing of wool. Which are the missing steps? Add them.
Shearing, __________, sorting, __________, __________, __________
Answer: Shearing, scouring, sorting, picking of burrs, dying of fibres, making of yarn

Question 6: Make sketches of the two stages in the life history of the silk moth which are directly related to the production of silk.
Answer: The two stages in the life history of silk moth directly related to silk production are


Question 7: Out of the following, which are the two terms related to silk production? Sericulture, floriculture, moriculture, apiculture and silviculture
Hints: (i) Silk production involves cultivation of mulberry leaves and rearing silkworms.
(ii) Scientific name of mulberry is Morus alba.
Answer: Sericulture and moriculture

Question 8:
Match the words of Column I with those given in Column II:

Column IColumn II
(i) Scouring(a) Yields silk fibres
(ii) Mulberry leaves(b) Wool yielding animal
(iii) Yak(c) Food of silk worm
(iv) Cocoon(d) Reeling
 (e) Cleaning sheared skin


Column IColumn II
(i) Scouring(e) Cleaning sheared skin
(ii) Mulberry leaves(c) Food of silk worm
(iii) Yak(b) Wool yielding animal
(iv) Cocoon(a) Yields silk fibres

Question 9: Given below is a crossword puzzle based on this lesson. Use hints to fill in the blank spaces with letters that complete the words.
Down Across
(D) 1: Thorough washing (A) 1: Keeps warm
2: Animal fibre 2: Its leaves are eaten by silkworms
3: Long thread like structure 3: Hatches from egg of moth

Like Extended Learning—Activity and Projects –

Question 1: Paheli wants to know the maximum length of continuous silk thread that can be obtained from a cocoon.

Find out for her.

Answer: 980 metros.

Question 2: Boojho wants to know why caterpillars need to shed their skin when they grow bigger but we humans do not. Do you have any idea?

Answer: During its life-cycle a silkworm undergoes changes in different phases. Caterpillar is one such phase. Next phase is of silk moth which is totally different from caterpillar in shape and size. To go in that phase caterpillar has to shed its skin.

Humans do not undergo such drastic changes during their growth; only size of their body parts change. So, they do not require to shed their skin.

Question 3: Boojho wants to know why caterpillars should not be collected with bare hands. Can you help him?

Answer: Because caterpillar’s skin can cause allergy.

Question 4: Paheli wanted to buy a silk frock and went to the market with her mother. There they found that the artificial (synthetic) silk was much cheaper and wanted to know why. Do you know why? Find out.

Answer: The cost of production for artificial silk is very low. The materials used for artificial silk are available in huge quantity. Also, the production time is very less. So, artificial silk is cheaper.

Question 5: Someone told Paheli that an animal called “Vicuna’ also gives wool. Can you tell her where this animal is found? Look for this in a dictionary or an encyclopedia.

Answer: It is found in South America primarily in Central Andes.

Question 6: When handloom and textile exhibitions are held, certain stalls display real moths of various varieties of silk and their life histories. Try and visit these stalls with elders or teachers and see these moths and stages of their life history.

Question 7: Look for eggs of any moth or butterfly in your garden or park or any other place full of plants. They look like tiny specks (dots) laid in a cluster on the leaves. Pull out the leaves containing eggs and place them in a cardboard box. Take some leaves of the same plant or another plant of the same variety, chop them and put them in the box. Eggs will hatch into caterpillars, which are busy eating day and night. Add leaves everyday for them to feed upon. Sometimes you may be able to collect the caterpillars. But be careful. Use a paper napkin or a paper to hold a caterpillar.

Observe everyday. Note the (i) number of days taken for eggs to hatch, (ii) number of days taken to reach the cocoon stage, and (iii) number of days to complete life cycle. Record your observations in your notebook.

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