# NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social science Chapter 4 – Maps

#### Question 1:

(a) What are the three components of a map?

(b) What are the four cardinal directions?

(c) What do you mean by the term ‘the scale of the map’?

(d) How are maps more helpful than a globe?

(e) Distinguish between a map and a plan.

(f) Which map provides detailed information?

(g) How do symbols help in reading maps?

(a) The three components of a map are: distance, direction and symbol.

(b) The four cardinal directions are: North, South, West and East

(c) The scale of a map is the ratio between the actual distance on the ground and the distance shown on the map.

(d) A globe is useful when we want to study the Earth as a whole. But, when we want to study only a part of the Earth, it is of little help. For this purpose, we use maps. A map can represent the entire Earth’s surface or a part of it.

Maps can be used to show the physical features of the Earth (mountains, plains, oceans, rivers, etc.), the political divisions of the Earth (countries, states, cities, villages, etc.), and certain specific information (roads, rainfall, forests, industries, etc.)

(e)

(f) A large scale map provides detailed information.

(g)As it is not possible to draw on a map the actual shape and size of different features (e.g., buildings, roads, bridges), they are shown by using certain standard letters, shades, colours, pictures and lines. These symbols give a lot of information in a little space. Using these symbols, maps can be drawn easily. The use of symbols makes maps simple to read.

#### Question 2:

(a) Maps showing distribution of forests are

(b) The blue colour is used for showing

(c) A compass is used −

(d) A scale is necessary

(a) Maps showing distribution of forests are

(b) The blue colour is used for showing

(c) A compass is used −

(d) A scale is necessary

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